Total water withdrawal by source / Water sources significantly affected by withdrawal of water

Our main fresh water sources are the public network (62.9%), surface resources (32.5%), and to a lesser extent underground resources (4.6%).

Water withdrawal by activity

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Exploración y Producción


Water withdrawal intensity

Most of our fresh water is used in refining activities. Water withdrawn per ton of processed oil in our refineries was reduced by 4%, as shown in the table below:


Tons of water withdrawn / tons of oil processed
2014 2015 2016
0.87 0.85 0.82